Tuomari jalkapallokentän reunalla

Manipulation of sports competitions

FINCIS defends the rules of sport, the principles of fair play and is, for its own part, responsible for the implementation of the international treaty for the prevention of manipulation of sports competitions in Finland. It also offers authorities the necessary help for preventing the crimes associated with manipulation.

Kaksi amerikkalaisen jalkapallonpelaajaa

Manipulation of sports competitions

Manipulation of sports competitions means an arrangement, act or omission aimed at an improper alteration of the result or the course of a sport competition. Each actor has a duty to report if they detect manipulation or attempted manipulation.

Kahvakuulia tekonurmella

Guidelines in cases of manipulation of sports competitions

Manipulation of sports competitions is not always a punishable offence under criminal law if, for example, the manipulation carried out has only been aimed at athletic success. In this case, the disciplinary system within sports will be responsible for the consequences of the violation. In their operations, sports federations and sports organisations must pay attention to certain aspects from the point of view of manipulation of sports competitions. 

Analysis of current manipulation of sports competitions

The purpose of the national situation picture is to identify the risks and vulnerabilities related to Finnish sports that play a key role in the prevention of manipulation of sports competitions.

Tuomarit ja toimitsijat kentän laidalla

Programmes for the prevention of manipulation of sports competitions

Finnish Center for Integrity in Sports FINCIS coordinates the Fair Competition programme, which is part of the responsibility programme covering the entire Finnish sports community. The Fair Competition programme includes the anti-doping programme and the prevention of manipulation of sports competitions programme.

Lähikuva uimalaseista

Convention of the Council of Europe

The Macolin Convention requires the authorities to co-operate with sports organisations, betting operators and competition organisers to prevent, detect and sanction the manipulation of sports competitions. The aim is to establish a common legal framework for effective international co-operation to combat this global threat.


We are all responsible for promoting sport ethics. Co-operation ensures that all sports stakeholders have a sports culture that is ethically sustainable.

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